After nearly 20 years of dam removal advocacy from local tribes and activists, on November 17th the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) gave its final approval to remove four dams on the Klamath River. This historic agreement between California, Oregon, Yurok and Karuk Tribes, dam-owner PacifiCorp, fishing groups, and others took nearly 15 years to enact and is the final hurdle that was needed to implement the Amended Klamath Hydroelectric Settlement Agreement.
Now, dam license ownership is officially transferred from PacifiCorp to California, Oregon and the Klamath River Renewal Corporation, a nonprofit organization that was incorporated to take over responsibility for the dams and to see through their removal. Deconstruction operations are scheduled to begin in 2023, with the first dam, Copco No. 2 expected to be removed as early as summer 2023, and J.C. Boyle, Copco No. 1 and Iron Gate dams planned to be removed in 2024.
With less than 5% of the historic salmon runs returning, we are hopeful that the mighty Klamath salmon will once again flourish. Since they were completed in the 1960's, the Klamath dams have not only blocked some of the best spawning grounds in the entire basin, but they also heat the water, cause buildups of toxic algae, and breed bacteria and fish-killing diseases that combined with mismanagement of water deliveries resulted in the 2002 fish kill where more than 70,000 fish perished. Removal of the dams will allow salmon to reach their historic spawning grounds and will revive the Klamath River and its fisheries by improving water quality and restoring a natural hydrograph.
We are grateful to the tribes, organizations, and activists who have put decades of effort into turning the Klamath dam removal project into a reality. Check out awesome quotes and view their full press release below or by clicking here.
P R E S S R E L E A S E
Karuk Tribe • Yurok Tribe • Klamath Tribes • Hoopa Valley Tribe
Trout Unlimited • Pacific Coast Federation of Fishermen’s Associations
Institute for Fisheries Resources • Sustainable Northwest • Salmon River Restoration
Council • Save California Salmon • Native Fish Society • Environmental Protection
Information Center • American Rivers • American Whitewater • California Trout • Northern
California Council, Fly Fishers International • Ridges to Riffles
FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE: November 17, 2022
Craig Tucker, Karuk Tribe, Natural Resources Policy Consultant: (916) 207-8294, firstname.lastname@example.org
Matt Mais, Yurok Tribe, Public Relations Director: (707) 954-0976 email@example.com
Glen Spain, Pacific Coast Federation of Fishermen’s Associations (PCFFA): (541) 689-2000 firstname.lastname@example.org
Regina Chichizola, Save California Salmon Executive Director: (541) 951-0126 email@example.com
Greg Block, Sustainable Northwest President: (503) 201-3678 firstname.lastname@example.org
Curtis Knight, California Trout, Executive Director: (415) 859-1872 email@example.com
Joe Davis, Hoopa Valley Tribe Chairman, (530) 515-0433 firstname.lastname@example.org
FEDERAL REGULATORS GREEN LIGHT LARGEST RIVER RESTORATION PROJECT IN US
Removal of Four Klamath River Dams to Begin in 2023
Washington, DC –Today the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission issued a License
Surrender Order for the Lower Klamath River Hydroelectric Project. This clears the last major
hurdle necessary to implement the world’s largest river restoration project – removal of the lower four Klamath River dams. With this order in place, the Klamath River Renewal Corporation, the non-profit entity created to oversee Klamath River dam removal and related restoration activities, and the States of Oregon and California can accept transfer of the Lower Klamath Project License from energy company PacifiCorp and start the dam removal process early next year.
“The Klamath salmon are coming home,” proclaimed Yurok Chairman Joseph James. “The
people have earned this victory and with it, we carry on our sacred duty to the fish that have
sustained our people since the beginning of time.”
The dam removal and river restoration project was made possible through a negotiated
agreement between Karuk Tribe, Yurok Tribe, California, Oregon, conservation organizations,
commercial fishing organizations, and dam owner PacifiCorp, a subsidiary of Warren Buffet’s
Berkshire Hathaway Energy. Today’s action by FERC is the last step in a six-year FERC
regulatory oversight process that ensures dam removal is the most beneficial course of action to restore the Klamath River’s flagging salmon runs and improve poor water quality.
“Today’s victory was well earned by the thousands of people who fought for clean water,
healthy fisheries, and environmental justice for Klamath River communities,” said Karuk
Chairman Russell ‘Buster’ Attebery. “I am grateful to everyone, from the youth to the elders,
Governors Newsom and Brown, and the team from PacifiCorp who made this victory possible.”
"Congratulations to all those who poured their blood, sweat and tears into making this happen. Water and fish health are at the heart of our identity as Native People and we are looking forward to seeing a healthier watershed and fishery which will result in healthier communities for all Klamath Basin tribes,” said Hoopa Valley Tribe Chairman Joe Davis. “Now we must keep the momentum going and we are looking forward to working with all of our neighbors and partners in that effort."
Commercial salmon fishing families along the West Coast are also celebrating. “Restoring the
Klamath gives our struggling salmon fishing industry a chance to survive,” said Vivian Hilliwell, a former commercial salmon harvester and now the Watershed Conservation Director for the
Pacific Coast Federation of Fishermen’s Associations (PCFFA). “The possibility of revitalized
Klamath fish runs gives us hope that we can continue our tradition of bringing healthy wild
salmon to dinner tables across America.”
Dam removal activities are expected to begin in 2023 and be completed in 2024. Personnel and equipment will be deployed in early 2023 to commence pre-removal construction, including road and bridge improvements. Copco 2 dam will be removed first, and deconstruction of the remaining three dams will occur essentially at the same time in early 2024. All four dams will be removed by the end of 2024.
Upstream of the dams, the Klamath Tribes of Oregon are anxious to see salmon return. “Our
people have been without c’iyaals (salmon) for over a century. We welcome the fish home to the Upper Klamath Basin with open arms,” said Klamath Tribes Chairman Clayton Dumont.
In issuing the Final License Surrender Order, FERC Commission Chairman Richard Glick
stated, “Dam removal makes sense in large part due to fish and wildlife protections. But there is a discussion in the order on the impact on Tribes and the ability to have their traditions and
cultural practices improved... I think it’s a very important issue. A number of years back the
commission did not think about the impact of our decisions on Tribes. That’s an important
element in today’s order…”
The decision comes almost exactly 20 years after a catastrophic fish kill left over 70,000 adult
salmon dead along the banks of the Klamath River before they could spawn. That disaster
galvanized the collective will of Klamath River Tribes, community members, fishermen,
conservationists, and others who launched a two-decades-long effort to un-dam the Klamath
and Bring the Salmon Home.
“After the 2002 Fish Kill we committed ourselves to defending our river and our cultures no
matter what it would take,” said Molli Myers, co-founder of the Klamath Justice Coalition and
member of the Karuk Tribe. “That kind of extraordinary commitment by ordinary Indians is what led to this victory.”
Today’s Klamath River salmon returns are less than 5% of their historical abundance with some runs of salmon completely extirpated from the system. Dams deny salmon access to hundreds of miles of historical habitat, degrade water quality, and foster the spread of fish diseases.
Scientific studies and dam removal efforts in other watersheds demonstrate that dam removal
can reverse these trends. “This is a historic day for the Tribes of the Klamath River and for Indigenous People all over the world. When we act together with a unified voice no power in this universe can stop us,” said Ridges to Riffles Indigenous Conservation Group Principal and Yurok Tribal member Amy Cordalis.
Representatives from additional organizations that advocated for Klamath dam removal also
commented on today’s significant action by FERC.
"Restoring the Klamath River is a historic win for people, salmon, and everything that depends
on a clean, healthy river. It demonstrates the power of persistence and collaboration. When
people come together around a vision for their river, it really is possible to change the world." – Brian Graber, Senior Director of River Restoration, American Rivers
“Dam removal represents a monumental achievement. As we look beyond this historic moment, Sustainable Northwest will continue partnering in the Klamath basin to build on this success to improve water quality and meet water demands that support Tribes, farmers, ranchers, and native wildlife.”
– Greg Block, President, Sustainable Northwest
"I inherited the responsibility to take care of my relatives, the salmon, from my father. While I
have spent most of my life as an activist at protests and rallies, my hope is for my children to
spend more time fishing and less time protesting.”
- Save California Salmon Education Director Charley Reed, who was seven years old when with the Klamath fish kill set the Bring the Salmon Home movement in motion.
“It feels like a lifetime ago that we started working on this momentous effort together. It became clear early on in our efforts to protect and restore the wild Spring Chinook of the Salmon River that the Klamath dams would have to come down in order to realize that dream. With partners around the basin, we have been working towards that goal for over 20 years and now, finally, we’re going to take down the Iron Gate Dam and let those fish run through!”
- Petey Brucker,Salmon River Restoration Council’s co-founder who was involved in dam removal negotiations from their inception.
“The Klamath River has been Exhibit A for how dams, drought, imbalanced water management and climate change can strangle a river. Now, the Klamath is poised to become a prime example of how an entire river system, and the people and wildlife that depend on it, can be renewed. The major investments TU and others have made in improving water quality, fish passage and habitat in the upper Klamath Basin will soon pay their full dividends, as salmon and steelhead finally come back to their ancestral spawning grounds. We salute the Tribal, state, and federal leaders who have helped make this happen, and PacifiCorp and the KRRC for their commitment to bringing the Klamath back to life.”
– Chrysten Rivard, Director, Trout Unlimited’s Oregon Program
“The removal of these dams begins the Klamath’s recovery from a century of dam-related
impacts. We look forward to the many ways that people will experience the renewed Klamath,
including the 41 miles of new whitewater river that will emerge when the dams come down.” –
Thomas O’Keefe, Pacific Northwest Stewardship Director, American Whitewater
“It’s been incredible for CalTrout to join forces with over 40 organizations and Native American Tribes in support of taking the Klamath dams out. Tribal leadership has been a central component of this effort. The Yurok, Karuk and Klamath River Tribes have led the effort to restore part of their cultural heritage and subsistence fishing for salmon and lamprey. With the Klamath River being the second largest river in California, it represents a huge opportunity to achieve native wild salmon and steelhead abundance in a way that we haven’t seen for many decades.”
– Curtis Knight, Executive Director of California Trout